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What is the economic importance of tuna?

The name “tuna” covers 14 species belonging to 4 different genera(Auxis, Katsuwonus, Euthynnus, Thunnus), which are found in almost all the seas of the world. This large family of fish is of major economic importance in a fully globalised economy.

A growing global catch

In 65 years, the world’s tuna catch has increased by 1, %, from 500,000 to 5 million tonnes, and demand could reach nearly 8 million tonnes by 2025! In terms of export value of seafood products, tuna is in4th place, behind shrimp, salmon and white fish.

At the end of the chain, the value at sale is estimated at 33 billion dollars (i.e. 24% of the world seafood industry). The average per capita consumption of tuna in 2007 (worldwide) is about 0.45 kg per year. In the European Union, more than 2 kg of canned tuna per capita was consumed in 2012!

Graphique évolution des captures de thons

Experts' Corner

Of the 14 tuna species, 7 are of major commercial importance.

3 species* (Atlantic bluefin tuna, Pacific bluefin tuna, Southern bluefin tuna) represent only 1% of the volume of catches.

Read more:

Importance Commerciale Thon Rouge
Can we eat bluefin tuna?
Is bluefin tuna threatened by overfishing?
Will the Mediterranean bluefin tuna disappear?
How are bluefin tuna caught?
Why is bluefin tuna so sought after?
How are bluefin tuna stocks managed?
What is bluefin tuna?
How big and how heavy are bluefin tuna?
Is there bluefin tuna from aquaculture?